General Overview

The present publication Country profiles on Youth Sexuality in Europe provides an oversight over strategies and approaches to sexuality education in European Countries. An assessment of the country profiles shows that there are a number of differences regarding traditions and social norms. However, it also states a number of commonalities regarding e.g. fertility rates or alcohol consumption or organizational structures of services. Listed below are some of the main features for each category:


The 2006 county papers can be downloaded here:

 

An assessment of the country profiles shows that there are a number of differences regarding traditions and social norms. However, it also states a number of commonalities regarding e.g. fertility rates or alcohol consumption or organisational structures of services.  Listed below are some of the main features for each category:

Common features/ Commonalities:

The common basis of nearly all sexuality education programmes in Europe are:

 

International Declarations

  • e.g. the Programme for Action of the Cairo Conference on Population and Development  (ICPD 1994);

  • the IPPF Charta on Sexual and Reproductive Rights;

 

Responsibility of governments

  • for the implementation of such programmes;

  • legal base (laws, orientation guidelines, legal regulations);

 

Multitude of Actors / Stakeholders

  • Health and Social Services, NGOs, (sexuality education programmes in schools play a critical role);

  • NGOs:  The role of NGOs is especially regognized because of their access to minorities and vulnerable groups.  Western European countries often have a longer tradition of civil society engagement, whereas in most Eastern European countries this is a more recent feature;

  • Parents / Families - Strategies for parental capacity building or their partaking in respective school projects should be promoted.

Differences exist:

  • In contents and implementation of sexuality education programmes depending on federal or centralist state structures; 

  • Heterogenity of NGO – depending on their origin (human rights, church, political, health sector etc.) and mission;

  • Sexuality Education in Schools differs regarding its integration in biology or health lessons or in HIV-AIDs prevention or in lessons and concepts about life skills.

  • Migrants represent a special group in practically all countries - due to cultural diversity and different migration laws.