Policy Briefs on Sexuality Education

Policy Briefs on various key topics in sexuality education in Europe and Central Asia have been jointly developed by the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA), the UNFPA Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia and the WHO Regional Office for Europe. The policy briefs provide short, concise information at first glance to support policy makers as well as representatives of media and non-governmental organizations. The European Expert Group on sexuality education reviewes the content of the policy briefs.


Sexuality Education: What is it?

Policy Brief No.1 Sexuality Education: What is it? gives a general review on sexuality education in Europe and Central Asia, and hightlights particular aspects such as for example

  • the history of sexuality education in Europe,

  • the positive impact of sexuality education,

  • myths and facts about sexuality education

  • and sexuality education based on human rights.

Policy Brief No. 1 is available in English and Russian:


Sexuality Education: What is its impact?

Policy Brief No. 2 Sexuality Education: What is its impact? gives a more detailed overview on the scientifically proven effect of sexuality education on the (sexual and reproductive) health of young people and their well-being. Effects are distinguished between:

  • "hard" effects such as the reduction of unplanned pregnancies and STI rates
  • and "soft" effects, such as increased self-confidence and better communication skills.


The policy brief shows that sexuality education has a positive impact on attitudes and values ??of young people, promotes behavioral changes and can contribute to greater mutual respect and tolerance.

Policy Brief No.2 is available in English and Russian:


Introducing Sexuality Education: Key Steps for Advocates in Europe and Central Asia

Policy Brief No. 3 ‘Introducing Sexuality Education: Key Steps for Advocates in Europe and Central Asia’ provides an overview of the most important steps for the introduction (or revision) of national in-school sexuality-education programmes and reviews of existing resources. It focuses on the implementation of programmes and curricula and formulates recommendations on following aspects:

  • identification and assessment of needs and expectations of young people;
  • formulation of objectives and key values for programmes and curricula;
  • involvement of important partners for implementation;
  • use of existing resources, and
  • process planning.

Policy Brief No. 3 is available in English and Russian:


Why Should Sexuality Education be Delivered in School-based Settings?

Policy Brief No. 4 ‘Why Should Sexuality Education be Delivered in School-based Settings?’ addresses basic principles of and necessary linkages for efficient, high-quality school-based sexuality education. It illustrates the conditions under which sexuality education in schools can be successfully implemented. The following aspects are highlighted in Policy Brief No. 4:

  • relevance of sexuality education in schools and how schools contribute to a good sexual and reproductive health in adolescents and young adults;
  • framework conditions necessary for the implementation of good and efficient sexuality education in schools;
  • roles that various stakeholders in and around school play for efficient implementation of sexuality education;
  • topics that are part of good-quality sexuality education.

Policy Brief 4demonstrates the importance of sexuality education in schools complementary with other forms of sexuality education.

Policy Brief No. 4 is available in English and Russian: